Antabuse definition

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  1. Antabuse definition


    L'effet antabuse est un effet produit par la consommation d'alcool parallèlement à la prise d'un traitement. Il est notamment observé lors de la prise de certains médicaments. L'effet antabuse se manifeste par plusieurs symptômes : nausées, rougeurs du visage, chute de tension, maux de tête, augmentation de la transpiration, parfois vomissements. Une tachycardie et des étourdissements peuvent également être observés. Ces symptômes peuvent être recherchés volontairement dans le cadre du traitement de l'alcoolisme chronique. Disulfiram (sold under the trade names Antabuse and Antabus) is a drug used to support the treatment of chronic alcoholism by producing an acute sensitivity to ethanol (drinking alcohol). Disulfiram works by inhibiting the enzyme acetaldehyde dehydrogenase, which means that many of the effects of a "hangover" are felt immediately after alcohol is consumed. "Disulfiram plus alcohol, even small amounts, produce flushing, throbbing in head and neck, throbbing headache, respiratory difficulty, nausea, copious vomiting, sweating, thirst, chest pain, palpitation, dyspnea, hyperventilation, tachycardia, hypotension, syncope, marked uneasiness, weakness, vertigo, blurred vision, and confusion. In severe reactions there may be respiratory depression, cardiovascular collapse, arrhythmias, myocardial infarction, acute congestive heart failure, unconsciousness, convulsions, and death." In the body, alcohol is converted to acetaldehyde, which is then broken down by acetaldehyde dehydrogenase. If the dehydrogenase enzyme is inhibited, acetaldehyde builds up and causes unpleasant effects. Disulfiram should be used in conjunction with counseling and support. Disulfiram has been studied as a possible treatment for cancer Under normal metabolism, alcohol is broken down in the liver by the enzyme alcohol dehydrogenase to acetaldehyde, which is then converted by the enzyme acetaldehyde dehydrogenase to a harmless acetic acid derivative (acetyl coenzyme A).

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    Search antabuse and thousands of other words in English definition and synonym dictionary from Reverso. You can complete the definition of antabuse given by the English Definition dictionary with other English dictionaries Wikipedia, Lexilogos, Oxford, Cambridge, Chambers Harrap, Wordreference, Collins Lexibase dictionaries, Merriam Webster. Disulfiram, Antabuse noun a drug trade name Antabuse used in the treatment of alcoholism; causes nausea and vomiting if alcohol is ingested Wiktionary 0.00 / 0 votes Rate this definition Antabuse definition A trademark useful for the medicine disulfiram.; Disulfiram, recommended to recuperating alcoholics.; a drug trade name Antabuse used in the treating alcoholism.

    A drug sometimes used in the management of alcoholism, which causes severe nausea and vomiting, sweating, breathlessness, headache and chest pain if any alcohol is taken after it has been given. Disulfiram inhibits the enzyme aldehyde dehydrogenase that breaks down acetaldehyde, a toxic metabolite of alcohol, so that this accumulates. The method is a form of aversion therapy and is not without danger of collapse and death from the toxic effects. Antabuse (or disufiram) is a drug that is used to treat alcoholism by producing unpleasant side effects such as vomiting and pain if alcohol is consumed. It works by blocking an enzyme that is responsible for metabolizing alcohol. If a person drinks while on Antabuse they will experience effects such as nausea, vomiting, headache, anxiety, pain, weakness, and blurred vision. Note that this is not a cure for alcoholism, just a type of treatment. Along with therapy and other systems of support it can help a person who has severe issue with alcohol not want to drink anymore. It is essentially a form of the Garcia Effect or conditioned taste aversion which is an aversion to a particular food or smell that was associated with a negative response such as vomiting.

    Antabuse definition

    Disulfiram - Wikipedia, What does antabuse mean? -

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  5. Antabuse disulfiram By Staff on January 16, 2015 in Antabuse is the brand name of disulfiram, a medication approved by the Food and Drug Administration FDA for the treatment of chronic alcoholism.

    • Antabuse disulfiram Definition -.
    • Antabuse definition - AZdictionary.
    • Disulfiram – Wikipedia.

    Antabuse ® Disulfuram, see there. Antabuse Disulfiram. A drug sometimes used in the management of alcoholism, which causes severe nausea and vomiting, sweating, breathlessness, headache and chest pain if any alcohol is taken after it has been given. Antabuse. Antabuse or disufiram is a drug that is used to treat alcoholism by producing unpleasant side effects such as vomiting and pain if alcohol is consumed. It works by blocking an enzyme that is responsible for metabolizing alcohol. Definition of Antabuse - a synthetic compound used in the treatment of alcoholics to make drinking‘While it is known that Antabuse produces an aversion to alcohol, this study could herald an important.

     
  6. dmitry777 Guest

    Sertraline is used for a number of conditions, including major depressive disorder (MDD), obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD), body dysmorphic disorder (BDD), posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD), panic disorder, and social anxiety disorder (SAD). The comparative efficacy of sertraline and TCAs for melancholic depression has not been studied. A 1998 review suggested that, due to its pharmacology, sertraline may be more efficacious than other SSRIs and equal to TCAs for the treatment of melancholic depression. A meta-analysis of 12 new-generation antidepressants showed that sertraline and escitalopram are the best in terms of efficacy and acceptability in the acute-phase treatment of adults with unipolar MDD. Sertraline used for the treatment of depression in elderly (older than 60) patients was superior to placebo and comparable to another SSRI fluoxetine, and TCAs amitriptyline, nortriptyline (Pamelor) and imipramine. Sertraline had much lower rates of adverse effects than these TCAs, with the exception of nausea, which occurred more frequently with sertraline. In addition, sertraline appeared to be more effective than fluoxetine or nortriptyline in the older-than-70 subgroup. placebo in elderly patients showed a statistically significant (that is, unlikely to occur by chance), but clinically very modest improvement in depression and no improvement in quality of life. A meta-analysis on SSRIs and SNRIs that look at partial response (defined as at least a 50% reduction in depression score from baseline) found that sertraline, paroxetine and duloxetine were better than placebo. Does anyone know the long term side effects of taking Zoloft? What are the long-term side effects of Sertraline Zoloft usage. Long term sertraline use - MedHelp
     
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